A good technical ability, IT competency and aptitude to understand what produces good pictures and sound are core elements of the job role.
Core skills of the OB Engineer:
- Sound – Set up microphones, find technical faults, use talkback kits, edit sound.
- Vision – Rig monitors, set up video equipment, soldering and find technical faults.
- Media Management – set up and test recording systems with associated cabling requirements. Make and repair cable connectors.
- Location based practice – Rig cables, work at heights, work on a stage and the safety constraints of working with a crowd. Regulations and risk assessment.
- Power Management – Distribution and management of power supplies on location.
- Cameras – cable bashing, camera set-up, camera use (zoom, focus, shot match), camera talkback.
- Lighting – check picture exposure and colour vision, interpretation of mood and look required. Follow programme scripts and lighting cues.
- RF Systems – carry out site surveys and resulting documentation, rig and repair RF cables and use web browser interfaces and terminal server programs.
- Networking Technologies - configuring equipment to work with an existing network, using analysis tools to fault find and adding external storage systems.
It is essential that an OB Engineer has an enquiring mind and a breadth of knowledge to problem solve in challenging environments. This requires understanding of:
- Sound – venue acoustics, broadcast audio formats, noise regulations, loudness standards, microphone and cable types, audio desk controls and signal processing.
- Vision – video paths, colour-matching, vision mixer systems, vision processing, fibre optic systems and signals.
- Media Management – video and audio recording systems, integration of edit choices, timecode, codecs, wrappers, file formats, processing, graphics and audio packaging
- Location based practice – site management, reporting and communication. Personal Protective Equipment requirements. Location and event related constraints on the OB.
- Power Management – electrical supply types, generator or venue power connection, load management, equipment power supplies, weather effects on power.
- Cameras – types of camera mountings, lenses and panning heads. Camera systems, formats and accessories. Awareness of camera use and shot composition.
- Lighting – different lighting luminaires, fixings and mounts, LED and projector screens. Lighting levels, lighting problems and their solutions
- Radio Frequency (RF) Systems – video and audio signals, levels & compression. Radio waves, antennas and the dB scale. Digital transmission systems. Delays from digital encoding. Frequency Management and regulation.
- Networking Technologies - Addressing protocols, compression algorithms for video / audio transport, external network storage systems and bandwidth bottlenecks.
It is vital that an OB Engineer is a team player, an excellent communicator and is resilient and able to deal with challenging working conditions. They will also show in their behaviour:
- Self-awareness – show empathy to job roles in a media production environment.
- Location awareness - embracing the opportunities a location provides rather than fighting the constraints and challenges encountered.
- Communication awareness – choosing the most appropriate language for a given situation – this encompasses talkback etiquette.
- Being prepared – thinking ahead, planning and asking questions to ensure the right level of preparedness on location.
- Client awareness – show sensitivity to the pressures of budget, time and location.
Typically, an entrant will have a degree within an engineering or technical media discipline or have a substantial level of experience in a related work area (normally 3 years or more). Additionally a driving license and the flexibility to work away from home are essential.
Apprentices without level 2 English and mathematics will need to achieve this level prior to taking the end-point assessment.
Typically 12 - 18 months
Professional Qualifications / Recognition
This is a Level 7 apprenticeship. Apprentices will gain a Post Graduate Diploma in Outside Broadcasting Engineering.
Originally published on Gov.uk, this information has been re-used under the terms of the Open Government Licence.";